$5 Gold Liberty 1901 XF

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  • Product ID: 11509
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  • Description:

    The $5 Gold Liberty 1901 Extra Fine (XF) coin is a remarkable representation of American numismatic history, showcasing the artistic craftsmanship and historical significance of the Liberty Head Half Eagle series. This coin, produced in the early 20th century, holds a special place in the hearts of collectors and historians alike. With its classical design, moderate mintage, and enduring legacy, the $5 Gold Liberty 1901 coin remains a sought-after piece for those who appreciate the rich heritage of U.S. coinage.

    The design of the $5 Gold Liberty 1901 coin was created by Christian Gobrecht, the Chief Engraver of the United States Mint from 1840 to 1844. Gobrecht's design for the Liberty Head series is celebrated for its elegance and timeless beauty. The obverse of the coin features a left-facing portrait of Lady Liberty, adorned with a coronet inscribed with the word "LIBERTY." Thirteen stars surround her, symbolizing the original thirteen colonies, with the date "1901" prominently displayed below. The intricate details of Liberty's hair and the coronet highlight Gobrecht's skill and the coin's classical appeal.

    The reverse of the $5 Gold Liberty 1901 coin is equally impressive, showcasing a heraldic eagle with outstretched wings, clutching an olive branch and arrows in its talons. Above the eagle, a ribbon bears the motto "IN GOD WE TRUST," reflecting the nation's faith and unity. The inscriptions "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" and the denomination "FIVE D." encircle the eagle, creating a balanced and harmonious design. This reverse design embodies the country's aspirations for peace and readiness for defense, echoing the sentiments of a growing and resilient nation.

    The $5 Gold Liberty 1901 coin was minted at three different facilities: Philadelphia, Denver, and San Francisco. Each mint produced coins with slight variations in mintage and mintmark placement, adding to the collectibility of the series. The Philadelphia Mint, known for its high-quality coinage, did not use a mintmark, while the Denver and San Francisco Mints used "D" and "S" mintmarks, respectively, located below the eagle on the reverse side. The 1901 issue is notable for its production at all three mints, providing collectors with a diverse range of specimens to seek out.

    The total mintage of the $5 Gold Liberty 1901 coin across all three mints was approximately 1,586,833 coins. While this number may seem substantial, many of these coins were lost to melting or heavy circulation, making well-preserved examples particularly valuable to collectors today. The survival rate of these coins in high grades, such as Extra Fine, is relatively low, adding to their desirability and historical significance.

    In Extra Fine (XF) condition, the $5 Gold Liberty 1901 coin exhibits light wear on the highest points of the design, such as Liberty's hair and the eagle's feathers. However, the overall detail and luster remain sharp and appealing. The fields, or flat surfaces, show minimal abrasion, retaining much of their original mint brilliance. This condition offers a desirable balance between historical authenticity and visual appeal, making the coin an attractive addition to any collection.

    The historical significance of the $5 Gold Liberty 1901 coin extends beyond its role as currency. It circulated during a transformative period in American history, witnessing the nation's industrial expansion and increasing global influence. The coin's design and inscriptions reflect the values and aspirations of the time, celebrating liberty, strength, and national unity. As such, it serves as a tangible link to the past, offering insights into the economic and cultural landscape of the early 20th century.

    The $5 Gold Liberty 1901 coin also holds considerable appeal for numismatists and historians due to its association with the broader Liberty Head series. This series is renowned for its artistic merit and historical significance, with each coin telling a unique story of America's development. Collectors appreciate the $5 Gold Liberty 1901 coin for its well-executed design by Christian Gobrecht, whose work continues to be celebrated for its elegance and symbolic resonance.

    The production of the $5 Gold Liberty 1901 coin at multiple mints highlights the logistical and economic efforts required to sustain the nation's currency needs during this era. Each mint played a pivotal role in producing high-quality gold coinage, meeting the demands of a growing and increasingly interconnected economy. The coins from these mints provide collectors with a rich tapestry of American numismatic history, reflecting regional variations and the evolving landscape of U.S. coin production.

    In conclusion, the $5 Gold Liberty 1901 Extra Fine coin is a remarkable piece of American history, combining classical design, historical context, and high-quality craftsmanship. Its significance extends beyond its intrinsic value as a gold coin, offering collectors and historians a window into the economic, cultural, and artistic heritage of the United States. The 1901 issue, with its well-preserved condition and rich historical background, remains a cherished artifact for those who appreciate the beauty and legacy of U.S. coinage. This coin not only represents a tangible connection to the past but also embodies the enduring spirit of American liberty and resilience.

  • Details:
    • Denomination: $5
    • Year: 1901
    • Diameter: 21.6 mm
    • Mint Mark: N/A
    • Thickness: 1.5 mm
    • Grade: Ungraded

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